Osteomyelitis is infection in the bone. Osteomyelitis can occur in infants, children, and adults. Different types of bacteria typically affect different age groups. In children, osteomyelitis most commonly occurs at the ends of the long bones of the arms and legs, affecting the hips, knees, shoulders, and wrists. Left untreated, this can cause significant disability, as amputation might be the only option.
Septic arthritis is a serious and painful infection in a joint. Bacteria can get into the joint and cause rapid cartilage deterioration and bone damage. This can lead to significant pain, swelling, redness, and loss of movement for the child.
One can usually make a full recovery with early medical intervention. However, any delay of treatment could lead to permanent joint disability and even septic shock.